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January 15, 2012
The Use of Robots in Gastrointestinal Surgery
In the past decade, minimally invasive surgery (MIS - minimally invasive Surgery) has proven to be a sign of progress in the development of modern surgery in medicine. However, its development is restricted by the limited ability of the tool, a video image is only two-dimensional visualization of the camera is unstable, and limited movement of the tool (only 4 directions), and the position is not ergonomic for the surgeon, so tiring. Along with advances in technology, robotic surgery tools were created, since the early 1990s, to overcome the limitations mentioned above.
AESOP (Automated Endoscopic System for Optimum Positioning, Computer Motion Inc. robot-made, the United States) is the first robotic arm camera can be activated by voice command, and is used to hold and position the camera for laparoscopic surgery. Experience of its users, the robotic arm can help surgeons perform surgery better, because the camera is more stable than the camera, held by men (assistant surgeon).
Zeus robotic system (Computer Motion Inc. made, the United States) combining unit AESOP robotic arm with two others for Formatting surgeons perform surgical maneuvers. Da Vinci robotic system (Intuitive Surgical Inc made, the United States) is the most advanced robotic systems available today. The system consists of three integrated components. Surgical console, which the surgeon controls the robot from a distance; InSite Vision system, which processes three-dimensional images taken; and robotic arm system that will be entered into the patient's body. The surgeon sits in front of the control console, with a visual three-dimensional view, both hands and both feet to control a variety of control of the manipulator and to mobilize and activate the movement of the robotic instruments inside the patient.
EndoWrist instruments within the patient's body, has a mechanism of space for up to 7 degrees latitude, so that it can emulate all the surgeon's hand movements. It is far superior to conventional laparoscopic equipment that has only 4 degrees of latitude.
Robotic Surgery Excellence
Ergonomic equipment system, with the harmony of hand and eye movements are three dimensional, and the breadth of degrees of freedom of movement instrument, overcome many limitations of conventional laparoscopic tools.
Three da Vinci robotic system ; robotic arm in patients